Common sense would dictate that a “good” student can is obedient, sits quietly and listens to the teacher’s instructions, does all of their work and homework in the way the teacher wanted, and is engaged in all of the lessons.
This definition privileges children who have long attention spans and enjoy learning in a standard classroom setting. It privileges students who have a parent or guardian at home who have the time and ability to help them with their homework and give them extra support. It privileges children who learn in one distinct way. This would give those students a significant advantage over other children who may have single parent families or parents/guardians who are not able to give them the extra support to succeed in this kind of environment.
Past curriculum has decided what classrooms look like and who they want students to be when they are finished school. They focused on obedience and skills for the jobs that needed filling. Life is very different now and there are different opportunities and struggles for children then there was in the past, yet our curriculum has changed so little.
Perhaps instead of trying to turn children into good student that are who we want them to be, we should be helping them to be great students and discover who they want to be, while teaching them how to have understanding and empathy for the other individuals around them.
A History of Education https://archive.org/details/historyofeducati00painiala
What it Means to be a Student https://drive.google.com/file/d/1kkJc7k2AyKB-Usl3pujiMAeWpfzmpZRK/view